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Rice University

Rice University, founded as William Marsh Rice Institute for the Advancement of Literature, Art, and Science, opened 1912 in Houston, Texas.

William Marsh Rice (1816-1900), who made his fortune in Texas in the mid-19th century, left the bulk of his estate to the founding of a free institute in Houston and until 1964 Rice did not charge tuition.

The architecture of the university is laid out in numerous quadrangles.

The Academic Quad is centered around the memorial to William Rice, and includes the Administrative buildings (through which the Sallyport passes), the Library, and the Physics, Language, Architecture, and Humanities buildings.

The Engineering Quad is centered around the sculpture 45/90/180, and includes the Electrical Engineering building, the Mechanical Engineering building, the Chemistry building, the Computer Science building, and several laboratories.

Among other things, Rice is noted for its college system, similar to those found in some older English schools. The nine colleges include residential and dining facilities, social organizations and student government, as well as faculty members and alumni associates. This is in strong contrast to the fraternal systems found at other American schools.

Rice's sports teams are called the Owls. They participate in the NCAA's Division I-A, and in the Western Athletic Conference

Rice celebrated its 75th (demisesquicentennial) anniversary in 1989.

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