or
With:
The Reynolds number is used for determing whether a flow is laminar or turbulent. Laminar flow within e.g. pipes will occur when the Reynolds number is below the critical Reynolds number of Re_{crit, pipe} = 2300 (or practically Re > 3000) and turbulent flow when it is above 2300 where the Reynolds number is based on the pipe diameter and the mean velocity v_{s} within the pipe. The value of 2300 has been determined experimentally and a certain range around this value is considered the transition region between laminar and turbulent flow. Please note, that the critical Reynolds number Re_{crit} depends on the flow type and the definition of the Reynolds number.
Two flows with equal Reynolds numbers and the same geometry are similar. For the flow in a model and the real flow holds in appropriate points:
Quantities marked with * concern the flow around the model and the others the real flow. This is useful for experiments with reduced model in the water channel[?] or in the wind tunnel, where we get data for the real flows. Note that in compressible flow the Mach number must also be equal for the two flows to be similar.
See also: HagenPoiseuille law, DarcyWeisbach equation.
Search Encyclopedia
