a city in Emilia-Romagna
, was an important port and administrative center in the late Roman empire
and the early Middle Ages
After 493, Ravenna was the capital of the Ostrogothic kingdom of Italy.
Following the conquests of the Emperor Justinian I in the sixth century, Ravenna was the seat of the Byzantine governor of Italy, the Exarch. Numerous beautiful Byzantine mosaics remain to this day.
At that time the city was on the Adriatic Sea. Nowadays the city is land-locked.
After the Byzantine withdrawal Ravenna was ruled by Papal legates on behalf of the Pope. It became part of the Kingdom of Italy[?] in 1861.
All Wikipedia text
is available under the
terms of the GNU Free Documentation License