Quantisation (in digital signal processing) refers to the process of approximating a continuous signal by a set of discrete symbols or integer values. In general, a quantization operator can be represented as
where x is a real number, Q(x) an integer, and f(x) is an arbitrary realvalued function that controls the 'quantization law' of the particular coder.
For example, in digital telephony, two popular quantization schemes are the 'Alaw' and 'µlaw', each mapping an analog signal to an integer value represented by an 8bit binary number, but each with a different function f.
See also:
Quantization is also used, in quantum physics to describe the process by which a physical system exhibits quantized behavior, rather than continuous, or 'classical' behavior.
In music software, quantization is the altering of the times and durations of notes so they fit the beat or subbeat perfectly.
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