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Prime Minister of Northern Ireland

The Prime Minister of Northern Ireland was the head of the Government of Northern Ireland, appointed by the Governor of Northern Ireland[?] under the Government of Ireland Act, 1920. The system of government created by the Act, of a bicameral legislature, with a majoritarian system of home rule, was abolished in 1972.

The Prime Ministers of Northern Ireland were:

  • Sir James Craig (1921-40) [later created Lord Craigavon]
  • John Millar Andrews (1940-43)
  • Sir Basil Brooke (1943-63) [later created Lord brookeborough]
  • Terence O'Neill (1963-69) [later created Lord O'Neill of the Maine]
  • James Chichester Clarke (1969-71) [later created Lord Moyola]
  • Brian Faulkner (1971-72) [later created Lord Faulkner].

A new office, First Minister of Northern Ireland[?] was created by the Belfast Agreement. In contrast with the majoritarianism of the earlier Stormont regime, the new power-sharing assembly operates on the principles of consociational democracy.

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