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Presidential Commission

The Presidential Commission is the collective vice-presidency of the Republic of Ireland.


Three members serve on the Presidential Commission.


The Presidential Commission fulfils all functions and duties of the office of President of Ireland, where a president is

  • unavailable (eg, abroad, ill, otherwise engaged)
  • unwilling to act (should a president refuse to fulfill and of his or her duties and functions.

See President of Ireland for the President's powers and duties.


The Presidential Commission was created in the 1937 Constitution of Ireland. It was first used from December 1937, when the Constitution came into force, and June 1938, when the first President was inaugurated. Initially, as the Irish senate had not been constituted and elected, the role on the Presidential Commission normally fulfilled by the Cathaoirleach of Seanad Éireann was under the Transitory Provisions of the Constitution given to the President of the High Court.

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