Encyclopedia > Pope Calixtus III

  Article Content

Pope Callixtus III

Redirected from Pope Calixtus III

Callixtus III (born 1378 as Alphonso de Borgia in Jativa, Valencia, Spain and died 1458) was pope from April 8, 1455 to August 6, 1458. His early career was spent as a professor of law at Lerida and then as a diplomat in the service of the kings of Aragon, especially during the Council of Basel. He became a cardinal after reconciling Pope Eugenius IV with King Alfonso V of Aragon.

He was raised to the papal chair in 1455 at a very advanced age as a compromise candidate. He was feeble and incompetent. The great object of his policy was the urging of a crusade against the Turks, who had captured Constantinople in 1453, but he did not find the Christian princes responsive to his call despite his every effort.

He made two of his nephews cardinals, one of whom, Rodrigo Borgia, later became Pope Alexander VI.

He ordered a new trial for Joan of Arc, at which she was posthumously vindicated. He died in 1458.

Preceded by:
Pope Nicholas V
List of popesSucceeded by:
Pope Pius II

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article

... Breweries[?], a major beer brewing company of New Zealand. This is a disambiguation page; that is, one that just points to other pages that might otherwise have ...

This page was created in 29.7 ms