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Polarential telegraph system

In telecommunication, a polarential telegraph system is a direct-current telegraph system employing polar transmission in one direction and a form of differential duplex transmission in the other.

Note: Two types of polarential systems, known as types A and B, are in use. In half-duplex operation[?] of a type A polarential system, the direct-current balance is independent of line resistance. In half-duplex operation of a type B polarential system, the direct current is substantially independent of the line leakage. Type A is better for cable loops where leakage is negligible but resistance varies with temperature. Type B is better for open wire[?] where variable line leakage is frequent.

Source: from Federal Standard 1037C and from MIL-STD-188



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