is the theory that the substantial reality around us is only a reflection of a higher truth. That truth
argues, is the abstraction. A particular tree, with a branch or two missing, possibly alive, possibly dead, and
initials of two lovers carved into its bark, is distinct from the concept of a Tree. A Tree is the ideal that each of us holds
that allows us to identify the imperfect reflections of trees all around us.
Some people construe "Platonism" to mean the proposition that universals exist independently of particulars (a universal is anything that can be predicated of a particular).
Platonism is an ancient school of philosophy, founded by Plato; this school had an actual, physical existence at a site just outside the walls of Athens called the Academy as well as the intellectual unity of a shared approach to philosophizing.
Platonism is generally divided into three periods:
- Early Platonism
- Middle Platonism
See Also idealism, Gnosticism
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