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Phutball

Phutball (also called Philosopher's Football) is a two-player board game described in Elwyn Berlekamp[?], John Conway, and Richard Guy[?]'s Winning Ways for your Mathematical Plays, a source of many other interesting games.

Phutball is played on the intersections of a 19 by 15 grid using one white piece and as many black pieces as necessary. In this article the two players are named Ohs (O) and Eks (X). The board is labeled A through P (omiting I) from left to right and 1 to 19 from bottom to top from Ohs' perspective. Rows 0 and 20 represent "off the board" beyond rows 1 and 19 respectively. Given that specialized phutball boards are hard to come by, the game is usually played on a 19 by 19 Go board, with a white stone representing the football and black stones representing the men.

The objective is to score goals by using the men (black pieces) to move the football (white piece) onto or over the opponent's goal line. Ohs tries to move the football to rows 19 or 20 and Eks to rows 1 or 0. At the start of the game the football is placed on the central point - although a handicapping scheme exists where the ball can start nearer to the stronger player's goal line.

Players alternate making moves. A move is either to add a man to any vacant point on the board or to move the ball. There is no difference between men played by Ohs and those played by Eks.

The football is moved by a series of jumps over adjacent men. In detail: One jump is from the football's current point to the first vacant point in a straight line orthogonally or diagonally (8 directions in total) over one or more men. The jumped men are then removed from the board (before any subsequent jump occurs). This process repeats for as long as there remain men available to be jumped and the player desires. Jumping is optional, there is no requirement to jump. Note that in contrast to checkers (draughts), multiple men in a row are jumped and removed as a group.

The diagram at left illustrates a sample jump. The Ohs player moves the football from K6-G9-G11-J11. The men on J7, H8, G10, and H11 are removed after the jump. The jump from K6-G9-J9-G7 would not be legal, as that would jump the man on H8 twice.

If the football ends the move on or over the opponent's goal line then a goal has been scored. If the football passes through your goal line, but ends up elsewhere due to further jumps, the game continues.

Strategy

It is not worth jumping just one man - your opponent can replace it as his next move.

Carefully set up sequences of jumps can be "spoiled" by extending them at critical moments.

A jump to the left or right edge can be blocked by leaving no vacant points.

When you jump it is usually bad to leave an easily used return path for your opponent to "undo" your progress.

The game is sufficiently complex that, although theoretically one of the players has a winning strategy, this strategy is not known.


How about including some sample games and a description of strategy?



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