Encyclopedia > Phenomenology

  Article Content

Phenomenology

Phenomenology is a school of philosophy based on the work of the 19th century philosopher Edmund Husserl.

Husserl is best known for his extensive use of the the notion that that the main characteristic of consciousness is that it is always intentional, i.e. directed at some kind of content ("Inhalt"): consciousness is always "consciousness of something." He borrowed the concept of the intentional from Brentano, as can be seen from the latter's Psychologie vom empirischen Standpunkt[?] (Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint). Further, he asserted that studying the flow of consciousness as directed (the act of noesis) at the perceived phenomena (the noemata) yields knowledge of essential structures in reality.

In the last period of his life, Husserl shifted to a more explicitly idealist position, which is best expressed in his Cartesian Meditations[?] (1931). His main work, however, remains Logische Untersuchungen[?] (Logical Investigations; first edition, 1900-1901).

See also: Martin Heidegger

External links:



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
Rio Grande do Sul

... is estimated at a little over 10 million. Capital: Porto Alegre. Governor: Germano Antonio Rigotto Although mainly rural for much of its early history, Rio ...