Encyclopedia > Partitive case

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Partitive case

The basic meaning of the Partitive case is "partialness".

In the Finnish language, it's used in the following circumstances, with the characteristic ending of "a" or "ta":

  • After numbers: "kolme taloa" -> "three houses"
  • For incomplete actions and ongoing processes: "luen kirjaa" -> "I'm reading a book"
  • After certain verbs, particularly those indicating emotions: "rakastan tätä taloa" -> "I love this house"
  • For tentative enquiries: "saanko lainata kirjaa?" -> "can I borrow the book?"
  • In places where English would use "some" or "any": "onko teillä kirjoja?" -> "do you have any books?"
  • For negative statements: "talossa ei ole kirjaa" -> "there is not a book in the house"

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