is an organism
that lives in or on the living tissue of a host
organism at the expense of it. The biological interaction
between the host and the parasite is called parasitism
Parasites are generally smaller than their hosts, absorbing nutrients from the host's body fluids, but this is far from a universal strategy.
- Endoparasites (endo = within; parasites that live inside their hosts)
- Ectoparasites (ecto = outside; parasites that live on but not within their hosts, for example, attached to their skin)
Many lifeforms are parasitic only during a part of their lifecycle. Many cuckoos, for example, are brood parasites[?]: their young are parasitic on the host species, but adult cuckoos fend for themselves.
See also: saprophyte[?], intestinal parasite
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