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Pangram

A pangram (Greek: pan gramma, all letters) is a piece of text which uses every letter of the alphabet. Most pangrams are short, usually a single sentence: the aim in devising a pangram as a word game is to be as brief as possible.

In a sense, the pangram is the opposite of the lipogram, where the aim is to omit one or more letter.

Today, pangrams are frequently used to display typefaces.

Table of contents

Examples

  • The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.
  • Pack my box with five dozen liquor jugs.
  • Jackdaws love my big sphinx of quartz.
  • The five boxing wizards jump quickly.
  • Bright vixens jump; dozy fowl quack.
  • Oh, wet Alex, a jar, a fag! Up, disk, curve by! Man Oz, Iraq, Arizona, my Bev? Ruck's id-pug, a far Ajax, elate? Who? (a palindrome)

26-letter pangrams A pangram in which each letter occurs only once is the pinnacle of the pangram game. This is difficult to achieve without resorting to obscure words and proper nouns; note that purists disapprove of using initials.

  • New job: fix Mr. Gluck's hazy TV, PDQ! (includes 5 punctuation symbols)
  • Squdgy fez, blank jimp crwth vox! (created by Claude Shannon)
  • Frowzy things plumb vex'd Jack Q.
  • J. Q. Vandz struck my big fox whelp.
  • Quartz glyph job vex'd cwm finks.
  • Phlegms fyrd wuz qvint jackbox.
  • Zing, vext cwm fly jabs Kurd qoph.
  • Cwm fjord bank glyphs vext quiz.

Other languages

  • French: Allez porter ce whisky au vieux juge blond qui fume ("Go take this whisky to the old blond judge who is smoking")
  • German (no umlauts or ß): Sylvia wagt quick den Jux bei Pforzheim ("Sylvia dares quickly the joke at Pforzheim[?]").
  • German (with umlauts and ß): Zwölf Boxkämpfer jagten Victor quer über den großen Sylter Deich ("Twelve box fighters chase Victor across the great dam of Sylt").
  • Esperanto: Laŭ Ludoviko Zamenhof bongustas freŝa ĉeĥa manĝaĵo kun spicoj. ("According to Ludwig Zamenhof, fresh Czech food with spices tastes good.")

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