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Newark, New Jersey

Newark is a city located in Essex County, New Jersey. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 273,546. It was founded in 1666, is an industrial city ten miles west of New York City, with convenient access to New York by road and rail.

Its location on the Atlantic coast, at the mouth of the Passaic River[?], has helped make it a major container shipping[?] port. It is perhaps best known as the location of Newark Liberty International, which was the first airport serving the New York area.

In addition to being an important port, Newark is the headquarters of two major insurance companies.

Newark is the county seat of Essex County and the largest city in New Jersey. A majority of the population is black (see details below), and in 1970 Newark became the first city in the Northeast to elect a black mayor.

Newark is the location of one of the three campuses of Rutgers University; the New Jersey Institute of Technology[?]; Seton Hall University's School of Law; and one campus of University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey[?].

Geography Newark is located at 40°44'7" North, 74°11'6" West (40.735201, -74.184938)1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 67.2 km² (26.0 mi²). 61.6 km² (23.8 mi²) of it is land and 5.6 km² (2.2 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 8.36% water.

Demographics As of the census of 2000, there are 273,546 people, 91,382 households, and 61,956 families residing in the city. The population density is 4,437.7/km² (11,495.0/mi²). There are 100,141 housing units at an average density of 1,624.6/km² (4,208.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 26.52% White, 53.46% African American, 0.37% Native American, 1.19% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 14.05% from other races, and 4.36% from two or more races. 29.47% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 91,382 households out of which 35.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.0% are married couples living together, 29.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% are non-families. 26.6% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.8% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.85 and the average family size is 3.43.

In the city the population is spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 12.1% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 31 years. For every 100 females there are 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 91.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $26,913, and the median income for a family is $30,781. Males have a median income of $29,748 versus $25,734 for females. The per capita income for the city is $13,009. 28.4% of the population and 25.5% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 36.6% are under the age of 18 and 24.1% are 65 or older.

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