Encyclopedia > Neunkirchen (district)

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Neunkirchen (district)

Statistics
State:Saarland
Capital:Neunkirchen[?]
Area:249.16 km²
Inhabitants:148,069 (2001)
pop. density:594 inh./km²
Car identification:NK
Homepage:http://www.landkreis-neunkirchen.de
Map

Neunkirchen is a Kreis (district) in the middle of the Saarland, Germany. Neighboring districts are Sankt Wendel, Kusel, Saarpfalz, Saarbrücken, Saarlouis.

Table of contents

History In 1814 the district Ottweiler was created, however its history can be traced back to 1545 when it was created as Herrschaft Ottweiler, later Amt and Oberamt Ottweiler, and during the napoleonic times as Kanton Ottweiler. Already two years after its creation it was reorganized in 1816 due to the Congress of Vienna. 1866 an attempt to move the district capital to Neunkirchen failed. In 1974 the districts were reorganized, the biggest change however was the change of the capital and thus the name to Neunkirchen. Some of the administration stayed in Ottweiler.

Misc Since 1985 the district also calls itself the Rose district, celebrating the many rose gardens in the district. It even crowns a rose queen every year.

Coat of arms

The top part of the coat of arms show the lion of Nassau, as the area was ruled by a branch of the house of Nassau (Nassau-Saarbrücken, later Nassau-Ottweiler). In the bottom part it shows the main symbols of the two biggest cities in the district, the rose of Ottweiler and the wheel of Neunkirchen.

Towns and municipalities

  1. Neunkirchen[?]
  2. Ottweiler[?]
    Municipalities
  1. Eppelborn[?]
  2. Illingen[?]
  3. Merchweiler [?]
  4. Schiffweiler[?]
  5. Spiesen-Elversberg[?]

External links Official website (http://www.landkreis-neunkirchen.de) (German)



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