Redirected from Naming
A toponym is a place name.
In addition to its original purpose of distinguishing, names have also came to have additional or pure honorary and memorial values. For example, the posthumous names' primary function is commemorative.
Naming is the process of assigning a particular word or phrase to a pattern that has been noticed. This can be quite deliberate or a natural process that occurs in the flow of life as some phenomenon comes to the attention of the users of a language. Many new words or phrases come into existence during translation as attempts are made to express concepts from one language in another.
There are millions of possible objects that can be described in science, too many to create common names for every one. As a response, a number of systems of systematic names have been created. An example of a systematic naming scheme is Linnaean taxonomy, which uses Latin names for plants and animals.
It is universal for a person to have a name; the rare exceptions occur in the cases of mentally disturbed parents, or wild children[?] growing up in isolation. A personal name is usually given at birth or a young age, and usually kept throughout life; there may also be additional names indicating family relationships, location, etc. The details of naming are strongly governed by culture; some are more flexible about naming than others, but for all cultures where historical records are available, the rules are known to change over time.
The following cultures' naming systems have been documented in this encyclopedia:
Common components of true names given at birth include:
Some people (called anonyms) choose to be anonymous, that is, to hide their true names, for fear of governmental prosecution or societal ridicule of their works or actions. Another method to disguise one's identity is to employ pseudonyms.
Apart from the Linnaean taxonomy, non-human animals and plants are given names, usually of endearment.
In some cultures, pets or sporting animals are sometimes given names similar to human names. Other cultures, such as the Chinese, give the animals non-human names, because it would be offensive and disrespective to the person by the same name. For example,
See also: Placename etymology, Names given to the divine, Number names, Systematic names, Unique identifiers[?], List of adjectival forms of place names, List of personal naming conventions (probably requires merging)