Encyclopedia > Multi-party system

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Multi-party system

As opposed to a single-party system[?], a multi-party system of government encourages the constituency to form two or more competing groups that are officially recognized in the political system. Each political party competes for votes from the enfranchised[?] constituents (those allowed to vote). The American electoral system operates on a winner takes all[?] basis, encouraging two large parties. Other nations, such as Great Britain and Israel, allow for proportional representation, which encourages a greater number of smaller parties. Communism encourages monopoly rule by the Communist Party. Some countries, including the monarchy Saudi Arabia, prohibit political parties. A multi-party system allows for greater diversity of opinion, encourages greater citizen participation and reduces corruption. Too many parties often allow small factions[?] greater influence, and frustrate majority rule[?].

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