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Multi-infarct dementia

Multi-infarct dementia, also known as vascular dementia, is a form of dementia resulting from brain damage caused by stroke or transient ischemic attacks (also known as mini-strokes). The specific symptoms will depend on the part of the brain damaged by the stroke or mini-stroke. Since people with multi-infarct dementia often experience repeated strokes or mini-strokes, the disease often progresses in noticeable steps, with additional symptoms suddenly appearing following a stroke or mini-stroke, which may not be recognized.

Binswanger's disease is a rare form of multi-infarct dementia caused by damage to deep white matter. It is characterized by loss of memory and intellectual function and by changes in mood.

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