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Mishpat Ivri

Mishpat Ivri is Hebrew for "Hebrew law", "Jewish jurisprudence". It refers to those aspects of traditional Jewish law that many in modern society generally considers non-religious.

Subjects covered in Mishpat Ivri include sales, renting, ownership, safety, liability, copyright, property rights, etc.)

Within classical rabbinic Judaism all of Mishpat Ivri is subsumed under halakha (Jewish law in general). However, in the modern state of Israel Mishpat Ivri is one of the sources for Israeli civil law.

In the State of Israel Mishpat Ivri is one of the sources for contemporary civil law , which is distinct from religious law.

Also see: Halakha (Jewish law) -- Civil law


  • Ha-Mishpat Ha-Ivri (Hebrew) Menachem Elon, Magnes Press, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 1973

  • Ha-Mishpat Ha-Ivri (English) Menachem Elon, four volume set, The Jewish Publication Society, 1994

  • Jewish Law: History, Sources, Principles Bernard Auerbach and Melvin J. Sykes, translators, Jewish Publication Society, Philadelphia, 1994

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