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Mimeograph machine

The Mimeograph machine (commonly abbreviated to "Mimeo") was a document-copying machine that was a precursor to the photocopy machine.

It used (heavy) waxed paper[?] "stencils[?]". These were placed in a typewriter to create the original; the typewriter cutting through the paper. The stencil was wrapped around the drum of the (manual or electrical) machine, which forced ink out through the cut marks on the stencil. The paper had a surface texture (like bond paper), and the ink was black. It did not smell. You could use special knives to cut stencils by hand, but you couldn't really hand-write on them, because any loop would cut a hole, so you'd have a black blob. If you put the stencil on the drum wrong-side-out, your copies came out mirror-images.

Penelope Rosemont pioneered a surrealist technique of peeling the backing away from the stencil to create a "mimeogram".

See duplicating machines.

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