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Milton Obote

Apollo Milton Obote (born December 28, 1924) was President of Uganda from 1966 to 1971 and again from 1980 to 1985.

Obote began his political career with Jomo Kenyatta in Kenya, after being denied an opportunity to study law in the United States by the United Kingdom British colonial government. Upon returning to Uganda, he founded the Ugandan National Congress (UNC; 1955) and was elected to the colonial legislature in 1958. In 1959, the UNC split, and Obote became head of the newly formed Uganda People's Congress. After several years as head of the opposition, Obote formed a coalition with the Baganda[?] royalist party and was elected prime minister in 1961. He assumed the post on April 25, 1962, with Sir Edward Mutesa, the kabaka (king) of the Baganda as president when Uganda gained independence in October 1963.

As president, Obote was implicated in a gold smuggling plot, together with Idi Amin, then deputy commander of the Ugandan armed forces. When Parliament demanded an investigation of Obote and the ouster of Amin, Obote suspended the constitution and had several members of his cabinet arrested. Obote was eventually cleared of the charges but the episode created tensions between him and Mutesa, who was critical of Obote for suspending the constitution. Obote responded by staging a coup against Mutesa and having himself declared president on March 2, 1966.

As Uganda's second post-colonial president, his rule was greatly destabilized by the military. In 1971 he was deposed by his army chief Idi Amin.

After the fall of Amin in 1980, Obote was re-instated as president.

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