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Military of Latvia

Latvia's defense concept is based upon the Swedish-Finnish model of a rapid response force composed of a mobilization base[?] and a small group of career professionals. The armed forces consists of mobile riflemen, an air force, and a navy. The army, navy, and air force comprise 5,864 personnel. The "zemessardze," or home guard, is an autonomous 13,890 man-strong volunteer paramilitary organization which also performs traditional national guard duties. There is a mandatory one-year draft period of active duty, and alternative conscription for conscientious objectors is available. Defense spending has risen in recent years, and in 2000 comprised 3.5% of budget spending.

Military branches: Ground Forces, Navy, Air and Air Defense Forces, Security Forces, Border Guard, Home Guard (Zemessardze)

Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age

Military manpower - availability:
males age 15-49: 590,236 (2000 est.)

Military manpower - fit for military service:
males age 15-49: 463,254 (2000 est.)

Military manpower - reaching military age annually:
males: 18,239 (2000 est.)

Military expenditures - dollar figure: $60 million (FY99)

Military expenditures - percent of GDP: 0.9% (FY99)

See also : Latvia

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