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Mecklenburg-Strelitz was a duchy in northern Germany, consisting of the present day district of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and the area around Ratzeburg. It was established in 1701, roughly on the territory of the former duchy of Mecklenburg-Güstrow. The Capital was Neustrelitz. In 1933 it was united with the neighbouring state of Mecklenburg-Schwerin to the state of Mecklenburg (today part of the Bundesland Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania).

The US county Mecklenburg (Charlotte, North Carolina) is named after Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Strelitz-born princess Charlotte (queen of King George III of the United Kingdom). The flower Strelitzia ("Bird of Paradise") also is in honor of her home country. Queen Luise[?] of Prussia also was a born princess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

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