is the study of animal
life within saltwater ecosystems
. Given that in biology
many Phyla, Families and Genres have some Species living in the sea
and some others on the Earth
, marine biology deals with those species which life is spent only (or mainly) in the water, thus its classification is referred to the environment
rather than on taxonomy
. The study obviously reserves a great attention for the physical effects of the immersion.
Recent marine biotechnology has focused largely on marine biomolecules, especially proteins, that may have uses in medicine or engineering.
An interesting branch of marine biology is mariculture
Marine environments are the home to many exotic biological materials that may inspire biomimetic materials[?].
In recent times, marine biologists are trying to complete the mapping of underwater species with the help of modern techniques, which could help in exploring the deepest oceanic depressions in which it is supposed that new species could be found, eventually of potential great interest also for the theories on evolutionism.
All Wikipedia text
is available under the
terms of the GNU Free Documentation License