Encyclopedia > Manzikert

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Manzikert is a city in eastern Turkey, now known as Malazgirt, and an important trading post of the ancient kingdom of Armenia.

In 1071, Manzikert was the site of one of history's most decisive battles, when the Byzantine emperor Romanus IV fought against Sultan Alp Arslan of the Seljuk Turks. Although Alp Arslan tried to come to a peace agreement before the battle and despite the fact that Romanus was depending heavily on unreliable Norman mercenaries, the emperor refused to negotiate. In the ensuing battle, Alp Arslan routed the Byzantines and captured Romanus.

The subsequent peace terms caused the Byzantine Empire to lose Armenia and almost all of Asia Minor, which over the next 300 years became the Turkish homeland and a springboard for the ultimate destruction of the Byzantine empire itself.

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