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Manuel II of Portugal


King Manuel II
(r: 1908-1910)
Manuel II of Portugal, Maria Filipe Carlos Amélio Luís Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga Francisco de Assis Eugénio (November 15, 1889 - July 2, 1932) reigned as Portugal's last King from 1908 - 1910, following the assassination of King Carlos and his older brother, Crown Prince Luis Filipe. The young King sought to save the fragile position of the Braganza monarchy by dismissing the dictator Joao Franco and his entire cabinet in 1908. Free elections were declared in which republicans and socialists won an overwhelming victory. Revolution erupted on October 4, 1910 and Manuel fled to England with the royal family as his palace was being shelled

He lived in exile in the United Kingdom. On September 4, 1913 he married Augusta Viktoria, Princess of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1890 - 1966). Manuel wrote an invaluable guide to medieval and Renaissance Portuguese literature, but died young. Royalist movements in Portugal subsequent to 1910 failed to restore the Braganza dynasty

Manuel died on July 2, 1932 at Fulwell Park, Twickenham, Middlesex.

Preceded by:
Carlos of Portugal
List of Portuguese monarchs Succeeded by:



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