Encyclopedia > M14

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The M14 is a select-fire battle rifle that fires 7.62x51mm NATO ammunition, derived from the M1 Garand and used by the U.S. Military mainly from 1957 to 1962. The M14 is still in use in small numbers with Special Forces units, on Navy ships for security purposes, and even in prisons.

The commercial, semi-automatic only version available to the general public is sold by Springfield Armory and other manufacturers as the M1A, M14S, and other models.

US M-14
Technical Summary
Flag or crest of
country of origin
Also known as:
Caliber: 7.62 NATO[?]
Type of mechanism:[?] Rotating bolt[?] with gas operation[?]
Designed by: Derived from M1 Garand design
Barrel Length: 22 inches
Overall Length: 44 inches
Magazine type[?] and capacity: 20 round detachable box magazine
Effective Range: 300 meters
Maximum Range: 1000 meters
Weight: 4.5kg

Table of contents


Dates and places of manufacture:

Type(s) of sights:

  • Rear peep, front blade, metric
  • Rear National Match peep with hood, front National Match blade, metric


  • U.S. Rifle, M14


  • Bayonet
  • Bandolier
  • National Match sling
  • Combination Tool

Reloading Information:

External Links:

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