According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 297.6 km² (114.9 mi²). 297.4 km² (114.8 mi²) of it is land and 0.3 km² (0.1 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.09% water.
The county of Lubbock was founded in 1876, named after Thomas S. Lubbock, a Texas Ranger[?], but the town of Lubbock was not founded until 1890. The following year it became the county seat, and in 1909 was reincorporated as a city. Texas Technological College[?] was founded here in 1925; it later became Texas Tech University[?].
Demographics As of the census of 2000, there are 199,564 people, 77,527 households, and 48,531 families residing in the city. The population density is 671.1/km² (1,738.2/mi²). There are 84,066 housing units at an average density of 282.7/km² (732.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 72.87% White, 8.66% African American, 0.56% Native American, 1.54% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 14.32% from other races, and 2.01% from two or more races. 27.45% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 77,527 households out of which 30.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% are married couples living together, 12.9% have a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% are non-families. 28.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.47 and the average family size is 3.07.
In the city the population is spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 17.9% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 30 years. For every 100 females there are 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 91.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $31,844, and the median income for a family is $41,418. Males have a median income of $30,222 versus $21,708 for females. The per capita income for the city is $17,511. 18.4% of the population and 12.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 21.9% are under the age of 18 and 10.1% are 65 or older.