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Lionel Groulx

Lionel-Adolphe Groulx (1878-1967), called Abbé Groulx, was a Roman Catholic priest, historian, nationalist, was born on January 13, 1878 at Chenaux[?], Quebec amd died in Vaudreuil, Quebec[?] on May 23, 1967.

After his seminary training he taught at Valleyfield[?] College, then the University of Montreal, where he edited a monthly journal titled "Action Française". He also developed a Quebec history curriculum that ignored the fact that France chose to keep Guadaloupe and surrender Quebec to Great Britain in the Treaty of Paris of 1763. Instead, he always referred to King Louis XV's decision as a conquest of Quebec by the British, and called the Canadian Confederation of 1867 a disaster. Lionel Groulx espoused the theory that Quebec's only hope for survival was to foster a Roman Catholic Quebec as a bulwark against English power.

A controversial figure, he was denounced by the English press in Canada and the United States for his blatant anti-Semitic statements and his support of the Nazis in Germany in numerous 1930s articles in Montreal's "Le Devoir" newspaper.

Lionel Groulx's major writings are "Histoire du Canada Français" (1951), and "Notre Maître le passé."

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