is concerned with
- Descriptive (or synchronic) Linguistics Describing dialects (forms of a language used by a specific speech community). this study includes phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics.
- Historical (or diachronic) Linguistics Describing changes in dialects and languages over time. This study includes the study of linguistic divergence and language families.
- Ethnolinguistics Analyzing the relationship between culture, thought, and language.
- Sociolinguistics Analyzing the social functions of language and the social, political, and economic relationships among and between members of speech communities.
See Anthropology, Linguistics
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