Demographics As of the census of 2000, there are 12,401 people, 4,885 households, and 3,668 families residing in the county. The population density is 12/km² (31/mi²). There are 5,502 housing units at an average density of 5/km² (14/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 99.15% White, 0.07% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.05% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. 0.62% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 4,885 households out of which 35.50% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% are married couples living together, 12.90% have a female householder with no husband present, and 24.90% are non-families. 22.40% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.70% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.52 and the average family size is 2.94.
In the county the population is spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 30.90% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 11.50% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 91.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county is $18,546, and the median income for a family is $22,225. Males have a median income of $28,708 versus $18,080 for females. The per capita income for the county is $10,429. 32.70% of the population and 30.20% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 38.80% are under the age of 18 and 27.00% are 65 or older.