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(G. landgraf; land, land + graf earl, count)

A landgrave was a nobleman of rank or count[?] in Medieval Germany[?] whose jurisdiction[?] stretched over a sometimes quite considerable territory. The title[?] survived from the times of the Holy Roman Empire. The power of a landgrave was often associated with sovereign rights and decision making much greater than that of a count.

It was still occasionally the subsidiary title of such nobility as the Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar[?], who was the Landgrave of Thuringia, in the first decade of the 20th century but the title was no longer used after World War One. The jurisdiction of a landgrave was a landgraviate[?] and the wife of a landgrave was a landgravine[?].

see also: burgrave, palatine count, margrave, rhinegrave, wildgrave and altgrave

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