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Kings of Babylon

The following is a list of the Kings of Babylon, a major city of ancient Mesopotamia, in modern Iraq.

Table of contents

First Dynasty of Babylon This uses the traditional Middle Chronology, although there is now reason to believe it may be too early by as much as a century.

  • Sumu-abum 1894-1881 BCE
  • Sumu-la-El 1880-1845 BCE
  • Sabium 1844-1831 BCE
  • Apil-Sīn 1830-1813 BCE
  • Sin-muballit 1812-1793 BCE
  • Hammurabi 1792-1750 BCE
  • Samsu-iluna 1749-1712 BCE
  • Abi-eshuh 1711-1684 BCE
  • Ammi-ditana 1683-1647 BCE
  • Ammi-saduqa 1646-1626 BCE
  • Samsu-ditana 1625-1595 BCE

Early Kassite[?] Monarchs These rulers did not rule Babylon itself, but their numbering scheme was continued by later Kassite Kings of Babylon, and so they are listed here.

  • Gandash fl. c.1730 BCE
  • Agum I
  • Kashtiliash I
  • Ushshi
  • Abirattash
  • Kashtiliash II
  • Urzigurumash
  • Harbashihu
  • Tiptakzi

Sealand Dynasty (Dynasty II of Babylon) This dynasty also did not actually rule Babylon, but rather the Sumerian regions south of it. Nevertheless, it is traditionally numbered the Second Dynasty of Babylon, and so is listed here.

  • Iluma-ilum fl. c.1732 BCE
  • Itti-ili-nibi
  • Damiq-ilishu
  • Ishkibal
  • Shushushi
  • Gulkishar
  • [5 Kings]
  • Ea-gamil fl. c. 1460 BCE

Kassite Dynasty (Third Dynasty of Babylon)

  • Agum II fl. c.1570 BCE
  • Burnaburiash I
  • Kashtiliash III
  • Ulamburiash
  • Agum III
  • Kadashman-harbe I
  • Karaindash
  • Kurigalzu I
  • Kadashman-Enlil I d. 1376 BCE
  • Burnaburiash II 1375-1347 BCE
  • Karahardash 1347-1345 BCE
  • Kurigalzu II 1345-1324 BCE
  • Nazimaruttash 1323-1298 BCE
  • Kadashman-Turgu 1297-1280 BCE
  • Kadashman-Enlil II 1279-1265 BCE
  • Kudur-Enlil 1265-1255 BCE
  • Shagarakti-Shuriash 1255-1243 BCE
  • Kashtiliash IV 1243-1235 BCE
Assyrian Governors 1235-1227 BCE
  • Enlil-nadin-shumi
  • Adad-shuma-iddina
  • Adad-shuma-usur 1218-1189 BCE
  • Melishipak 1188-1174 BCE
  • Marduk-apal-iddina I 1173-1161 BCE
  • Zababa-shuma-iddina 1161-1159 BCE
  • Enlil-nadin-ahhe 1159-1157 BCE

Dynasty IV of Babylon, from Isin[?]

  • Marduk-kabit-ahheshu 1156-1139 BCE
  • Itti-Marduk-balatu
  • Ninurta-nadin-shumi
  • Nebuchadrezzar I 1124-1103 BCE
  • Enlil-nadin-apli
  • Marduk-nadin-ahhe
  • Marduk-shapik-zeri
  • Adad-apla-iddina 1067-1046 BCE
  • Marduk-zer-X 1046-1032 BCE
  • Nabu-shum-libur 1032-1025 BCE

Dynasty V of Babylon

  • Simbar-shipak 1024-1007 BCE
  • [2 kings] 1007-1004 BCE

Dynasty VI of Babylon

  • Eulma-shakin-shumi 1003-987 BCE
  • [2 kings] 986-984 BCE

Dynasty VII of Babylon

  • Mar-biti-apla-usur 984-977 BCE

Dynasty VIII of Babylon

  • Nabu-mukin-apli 977-942 BCE

Dynasty IX of Babylon

  • Ninurta-kudurri-usur 942-941 BCE
  • Mar-biti-ahhe-iddina
  • Shamash-mudammiq
  • Nabu-shuma-ukin 899-888 BCE
  • Nabu-apla-iddina 887-855 BCE
  • Marduk-zakir-shumi I 854-819 BCE
  • Marduk-balassu-iqbi
  • Baba-aha-iddina
  • [5 kings]
  • Ninurta-apla-x
  • Marduk-bel-zeri
  • Marduk-apla-usur
  • Eriba-Marduk 769-761 BCE
  • Nabu-shuma-ishkun 760-748 BCE

Dynasty IX of Babylon

  • Nabu-nasir 747-734 BCE

Dynasty X of Babylon (Assyrians and Chaldeans)

  • [2 kings] 734-732
  • Nabu-mukin-zeri 732-721
  • Pulu (Tiglath-Pileser III of Assyria, in opposition) 732-727 BCE
  • Marduk-apal-iddina II (the Biblical Merodach-Baladan) 721-710 BCE
  • Sargon II of Assyria 710-705 BCE
  • Marduk-zakir-shum 705
  • Marduk-apal-iddina III 705-702
  • Bel-ibni 702-700
  • Ashur-nadin-shumi (son of Sennacherib of Assyria) 699-694
  • Mushezib-Marduk 693-689
Assyrian Sack of Babylon, 689; Babylon is rebuilt by Esarhaddon of Assyria in the 670s BCE)

Dynasty XI of Babylon (Neo-Babylonian or Chaldean)

In 539 BCE, Babylon was captured by Cyrus the Great of Persia, and lost its independence.



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