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Caspar Bartholin

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Caspar Bartholin (or Berthelsen), alternatively Bartholinus (Latin) was the name of two leading figures in the history of the science of human anatomy -- grandfather and grandson.

Caspar Bartholin the Elder (1585-1629) was born at Malmo in Sweden and was a polymath, finally accepting a professorship in medicine at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1613. He later taught theology at the same university. His work, Anatomicae Institutiones Corporis Humani (1611) was for many years a standard textbook on the subject of anatomy. He was the first to describe the workings of the olfactory nerve.

His son, Thomas Bartholin[?], was also a physician, and was the father of Caspar Bartholin the Younger (1655-1738). He was born in Copenhagen, and was first to describe the workings of the greater vestibular glands[?], which came to be known as "Bartholin's glands") and the larger salivatory duct[?] of the sublingual gland[?] ("Bartholin's duct[?]").

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