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Ju Si-gyeong

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Ju Si-gyeong (주시경 ; 周時經) (December 22, 1876 - July 27, 1914) (Chu Si-gyǒng in McCune-Reischauer[?]) was one of the founders of modern Korean linguistics. His courtesy name was Sangho (상호 ; 相鎬). He was born in Bongsan Prefecture (봉산군 ; 鳳山郡), Hwanghae Province. He and his students helped standarize Korean, based on the vernacular spelling and grammar.

He has studied the Chinese language since a youngster. After studying modern linguistics in Seoul, he established Korean Language System Society (조선문동식회; 朝鮮文同式會) in 1896. He hosted several seminars in the National Language Discussion Centre of the Sangdong Youth Academy (_동__; 尚洞青年學院國語講習所).

He proposed that the Korean parts of speech include nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, unconjugation adjectives (관형사 ; 冠形詞), auxiliaries[?] (助詞), conjunction, exclamations[?], and stop word (?) (종지사 ; 終止詞).

In his 1914 publication, Sounds of the Final Day (?) promotes writing Han-geul horizontally.


  • The National Language Classical Phonetics (국어문전음학 ; 國語文典音學) (1908): based on his lecture notes
  • An Introduction to the National Language (국문초학 ; 國文初學) (1910)
  • An Introduction to the Chinese Language (한문초습 ; 漢文初習) ()
  • Sounds of the Final Day (?) (말의 소리 ; 末日聲音) (1914): Sounds of the Language (語音)
  • The Grammar of the National Language (국어문법 ; 國語文法) ()
  • The History of the Downfall of Vietnam (?) (월남망국사 ; 越南亡國史) (1907)


He is the person who coined the name "Han-geul," which had existed until several other names until then.

His name is sometimes written without the disambiguity hyphen: Ju Sigyeong and Chu Sigyong. In this case, they are often mispronounced as Sig-yeong and Sig-yong respectively.

External links

  • 주시경 (Ju Si-kyeong) (http://www.independence.or.kr/unisql/dispatcher/NEW/information/indeman/indeman_detail.htm?id=p0072) (in Korean) a biography with a photo

See also List of Koreans.

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