Encyclopedia > John McCrae

  Article Content

John McCrae

John McCrae (1872-1918) was a Canadian poet and doctor during World War I, who wrote the famous poem In Flanders' Fields.

McCrae was born in Guelph, Ontario, and studied medicine at the University of Toronto. While there he rose to the command of the Toronto militia, the Queen's Own Rifles, and published his first poems.

McCrae served in the artillery during the Boer War, and upon his return was appointed professor of pathology at the University of Vermont, where he taught until 1911, although he also taught at McGill University in Montreal. In 1910 he accompanied Lord Grey, the Governor General of Canada, on a canoe trip to Hudson Bay.

When World War I broke out, McCrae was appointed as a field surgeon in the Canadian artillery. He was in charge of a field hospital during the Second Battle of Ypres in 1915. McCrae's friend Alexis Helmer was killed in the battle, and his burial inspired In Flanders' Fields, which was written on May 3, 1915 and published later that year in Punch magazine.

In 1918, while still serving in the field hospital, McRae caught pneumonia and meningitis. He died on January 28.

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article
Battle Creek, Michigan

... average density of 212.1/km² (549.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 74.65% White, 17.80% African American, 0.77% Native American, 1.94% Asian, 0.01% ...

This page was created in 56 ms