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Jacques Lipchitz

Jacques Lipchitz (1891-1973) Cubist sculptor

Born Chaim Jacob Lipchitz on August 22, 1891 of Jewish origin in Druskininkai[?], Lithuania, he studied engineering before moving to Paris in 1909 to study at the École des Beaux-Arts and the Académie Julian.

- Jacques Lipchitz -
It was there, in the artistic communities of Montmartre and Montparnasse that he joined a group of artists that included Juan Gris and Pablo Picasso and where his friend, Amedeo Modigliani, painted "The Sculptor Jacques Lipchitz and His Wife Berthe Lipchitz."

Living in this environment, Lipchitz soon began to create Cubist sculptures. In 1912 he exhibited at the Salon National des Beaux-Arts and the Salon d’Automne with his first one-man show held at Léonce Rosenberg’s Galerie L’Effort Moderne in Paris in 1920. In 1922 he was commissioned by the Barnes Foundation in Merion, Pennsylvania[?] for five bas-reliefs.

With artistic innovation at its height, in the 1920s he experimented with abstract forms he called transparent sculptures. Later he developed a more dynamic style, which he applied with telling effect to bronze figure and animal compositions.

Following the outbreak of World War II in 1941 Lipchitz fled from the Nazis and made his way to the safety of the United States. He settled in Hastings-on-Hudson, New York, in 1947. In 1954 a Lipchitz retrospective traveled from The Museum of Modem Art in New York to the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis and The Cleveland Museum of Art. In 1959, his series of small bronzes "To the Limit of the Possible" was shown at Fine Arts Associates in New York.

Beginning in 1963 he returned to Europe where he worked for several months of each year in Pietrasanta[?], Italy. In 1972 his autobiography was published on the occasion of an exhibition of his sculpture at The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.

Jacques Lipchitz died in Capri[?], Italy on May 16, 1973. His body was flown to Jerusalem for burial.

Selected works:

  • "Acrobat on Horseback" - (1914)
  • "Bather" - (1916-17)
  • "Sailor with Guitar" - 1917
  • "Bather, bronze" - 1923-25
  • "Reclining Nude with Guitar" - (1928), a prime example of Cubism
  • "Dancer with Veil" - (1928)
  • "Dancer" - (1929)
  • "Bull and Condor" - (1932)
  • "Bust of a Woman" - (1932)
  • "David and Goliath" - (1933)
  • "Embracing Figures" - (1941)
  • "Prometheus Strangling the Vulture" - (1944)
  • "Rescue II"- (1947)
  • "Mother and Child" - (1949)
  • "Bellerophon Taming Pegasus: Large Version" - (1964-66)
  • "Peace on Earth" - (1967-1969)

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