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Jacoby transfers

In contract bridge the convention of Jacoby transfers is used to describe various types of hands after partner opened 1 No Trump, complementary to the Stayman 2-Club response. Its main purpose is to play the hand in 2 of a major suit (that is spades or hearts) from the strong hand that opened 1NT. But by giving up the natural meaning of the 2 Diamonds response to 1NT (being of limited use, as more frequently overbid by opponents than 2H or 2S) a lot of flexibility is gained.

Furthermore the 2 Spades bid is freed for other uses (e.g. Forcing Baron[?] or minor suit hands)

That is the basic way it works:

After the response of 2 Diamonds or 2 Hearts to an 1 No Trump opening, opener
is requested to bid the next suit (Hearts or Spades).
Then the bidding continues as follows:
  • pass shows a weak hand with a long suit (natural as bidding might end)
  • 2 No Trumps shows an invitational hand with a five card suit
  • 3 In the Transferred Suit (Hearts or Spades) shows an invitational hand with a six card suit
  • A new suit is forcing to game at least showing 5-4
  • 3NT shows a five card suit with game going values (opener might revert to the major suit game)
  • 4 in the transferred suit is to be played
  • Jumps in new suits are to be defined in most partnerships (splinter[?], cue bids[?] or extreme 2 suiters [?] are some of the reasonable choices)

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