Encyclopedia > Iridocyclitis

  Article Content


Iridocyclitis, also known as anterior uveitis, is a condition in which the uvea[?] of the eye suffers inflammation.

Symptoms include photophobia[?], redness, watering of the eyes, lacrimation, miosis[?], and blurred vision. Iridocyclitis is usually caused by direct exposure of the eyes to chemicals, particularly lacrimators[?]. It can be effectively treated with tropane[?] alkaloids or steroids[?].

There are six classifications of iridocyclitis.

Acute or Chronic

Acute: sudden symptomatic onset, lasting no more than six weeks.

Chronic: Persisting for more than six weeks, possibly asymptomatic. Chronic iridocyclitis is usually associated with systemic disorders including ankylosing spondylitis[?], Behçet's syndrome[?], inflammatory bowel disease[?], juvenile rheumatoid arthritis[?], Reiter's syndrome[?], sarcoidosis[?], syphilis, tuberculosis, and Lyme disease.

Exogenous[?] or Endogenous[?]

Exogenous: related to external damage to the uvea or invasion of external microbes[?].

Endogenous: related to internal microbes.

Granulomatous[?] or Non-granulomatous

Granulomatous: accompanied by large keratotic[?] precipitates.

Non-granulomatous: accompanied by smaller keratotic precipitates.


To immobilize the iris and decrease pain, one may find tropane alkaloids effective, particularly scopolamine and atropine in .25% and 1% concentrations respectively. Topical steroids may be used to decrease inflammation, particularly prednisolone[?] and [[dexamethasone].

See also: inflammation, uvea[?]

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article

... excess ions and a population explosion known as algal bloom occurs. This growth is unsustainable, however. Perhaps because another nutrient becomes limiting, massive death ...