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Example: Year Cash flow 0 100 1 +120
Calculation of NPV: i = interest rate in percent NPV = 100 +120/[(1+i/100)^1]
Calculation of IRR (in percent): NPV = 0 100 +120/[(1+IRR/100)^1] = 0 IRR = 20%
As an investment decision tool the calculated IRR is used to rate alternative investments. The investment alternative with the highest IRR is preferred. Note that placing the initial investment amount in the bank is always an alternative. Thus, any investments which do not match the bank's going deposit rate will not be realized.
It should also be noted that zeros of NPV as a function of IRR may lack existence or uniqueness if there is some alternation of positive and negative cash flow. The IRR exists and is unique if one or more years of net investment (negative cash flow) are followed by years of net revenues.
See also: Finance, Accounting
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