In
particle physics, the mathematical combination of a
particle's
energy and its
momentum to give a value for the
mass of the particle at rest. The
invariant mass is the same for all frames of reference (see
Relativity).
The invariant mass of a system of decay particles is related to the rest mass of the original particle by the following equation:
W^{2}c^{4}=(ΣE)^{2}-(Σpc)^{2}
where:
- W is the invariant mass of the system of particles
- ΣE is the sum of the energies of the particles
- Σp is the vector sum of the momenta of the particles (includes both magnitude and direction of the momenta)
- c is the speed of light
All Wikipedia text
is available under the
terms of the GNU Free Documentation License