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Intifada (also Intefadah or Intifadah; from Arabic: "shaking off") is the popular name for two recent campaigns by Palestinians against Israelis. It is one of the most significant aspects in recent years of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Both intifadas were originally characterized by civil disobedience by the Palestinians, which escalated into the use of violence against Israelis. Losses of lives (both military and civilian) and property resulted from the actions of the Israeli Army as well as the Palestinian fighters.

The first Intifada began in 1987, with a decrease in violence in 1991 and a more complete end with the signing of the Oslo accords (August 1993) and the creation of the Palestinian Authority. The second intifada, which Palestinians have come to call the al-Aqsa Intifada, began in September 2000.

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