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Intermediate technology

Intermediate technology is infrastructural capital that is at least an order of magnitude more expensive than that prevalent in a developing nation but also at least an order of magnitude less expensive than that prevalent in a developed nation offering aid. For instance, if a typical workplace costs $1 to equip with primitive tools, but a competitive modern industrial approach would require a workplace costing $1000, then the 'intermediate technologies' are those that cost $10-$100 per workplace. The term was popularized by E. F. Schumacher[?] and his colleagues working on early human development theory in the 1960s. It was explained in depth in his book "Small is Beautiful[?]", which offered a sharp critique of then-prevalent approaches to development aid.

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