Encyclopedia > Insulin pump

  Article Content

Insulin pump

An insulin pump is a device used for administering insulin in the treatment of diabetes .

The device consists principally of three parts :

  • the pump itself including controls, processing module, and batteries
  • delivery tube to carry the insulin
  • needle inserted into the body

The insulin pump delivers a single type of fast-acting insulin in two ways :

  • a basal (small) dose that is delivered constantly
  • a bolus dose that is delivered before meals or to correct high blood glucose levels

Because a single type of insulin is used, it is easier to determine the effect of a given dose by looking at the delivery profile of that insulin. Insulin pumps also make it possible to deliver much smaller amounts of insulin than can be injected using a syringe.

In all cases, delivery rates are determined by the user in consultation with his endocrinologist. Currently there is no means to automatically control the insulin delivery based on the blood glucose level of the user.

Use of insulin pumps is increasing as it provides an easier means to deliver multiple insulin injections for those using intensive insulinotherapy.

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article

... than normal in hypospadias). A chordee[?] is when the urethra develops between the penis and the scrotum. Infection of the urethra is urethritis, said to be more common ...

This page was created in 21.9 ms