Encyclopedia > Ijma

  Article Content

Ijma

(Arabic) ijma refers to the consensus of the umma[?], the community of Muslims, those practicing Islam. Islamic law prescribes specific means of consensus decision making which Muslims are to follow in making and enforcing law. The independent thought of each participant is called the ijtihad, and has often been suppressed during the long history of sharia and Islam itself. Modern reformers of Muslim practice point to suppressions of ijma under the Ottoman Empire and seek to restore consensus decision making to religious, and ultimately political life. The grassroots democracy that would result would probably resemble progressive secular methods more than proponents of medieval sharia would feel comfortable with.

See also: Five Pillars of Islam, Four Pillars of the Green Party, deliberative democracy, consensus decision making, sharia, ijtihad



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
Great River, New York

... As of the census of 2000, there are 1,546 people, 509 households, and 417 families residing in the town. The population density is 129.8/k ...

 
 
 
This page was created in 42 ms