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Ignaz Goldziher

Ignaz Goldziher (June 22, 1850 - 1921), Jewish Hungarian orientalist, was born in Stuhlweissenburg[?].

He was educated at the universities of Budapest[?], Berlin, Leipzig[?] and Leiden, and became privat docent at Budapest in 1872. In the next year, under the auspices of the Hungarian government, he began a journey through Syria, Palestine and Egypt, and took the opportunity of attending lectures of Mahommedan sheiks in the mosque of el-Azhar in Cairo.

He was the first Jewish scholar to become professor in the Budapest University[?] (1894), and represented the Hungarian government and the Academy of Sciences at numerous international congresses. He received the large gold medal at the Stockholm Oriental Congress in 1889. He became a member of several Hungarian and other learned societies, was appointed secretary of the Jewish community in Budapest. He was made Litt. D. of Cambridge[?] (1904) and LL.D. of Aberdeen (1906). His eminence in the sphere of scholarship is due primarily to his careful investigation of pre-Mahommedan and Mahommedan law, tradition, religion and poetry, in connexion with which he published a large number of treatises, review articles and essays contributed to the collections of the Hungarian Academy.

Among his chief works are:

  • Beiträge zur Literaturgeschichte der Shi'a (1874)
  • Beiträge zur Geschichte der Sprachgelehrsamkeit bei den Arabern (Vienna, 1871-1873)
  • Der Mythos bei den Hebyhern und seine geschichtliche Entwickelung (Leipzig, 1876; Eng. trans., R Martineau, London, 1877)
  • Muhammedanische Studien (Halle, 1889-1890, 2 vols.)
  • Abhandlungen zur arabischen Philologie (Leiden, 1896-1899, 2 vols.)
  • Buch v. Wesen d. Seele (ed. 1907).


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