Encyclopedia > Idioms

  Article Content


Redirected from Idioms

An idiom an expression whose meaning does not seem to follow logically from the combination of the meaning of its parts and the "rules of language", it could be transliterated language oddity.

A second meaning is in relation to one's language, and can be applied in specific graduations, for example, one's city, one's county, or one's country; a dialect may be referred to as an idiom.

The more common usage, however, is the first definition above. For example, in English, a person may be said to be "under the weather" (meaning temporarily unwell), even though this has nothing to do with weather or being literally "under" anything. Idioms are often, though perhaps not universally, classified as figures of speech.

Virtually all idioms are peculiar to their own language (or even dialect; such as with Cockney rhyming slang), although some have passed in translation from one language into another: "Get lost!" (meaning "Go away!" or "Stop bothering me!") is said to be a direct translation from Yiddish. This language specificity makes idioms almost universally frustrating for non-native language users.

It is probably the case that every human language has idioms, and very many of them. In the case of English, a typical commercial idiom dictionary list about 4000. Some people nonetheless lament the existence of idioms, and argue that they should be replaced with expressions that "actually make sense". Others don't care, while some deeply appreciate the existence of idioms.

Catch phrases and bits of slang or jargon are sometimes called idioms. They are somewhat related, but some people passionately argue that they are not actually idioms. In any case, they are not idioms in the sense discussed here.

External Links

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article
Westhampton Beach, New York

... every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 92.2 males. The median income for a household in the village is $58,438, and the median income for a family is $74,412. Males ...

This page was created in 40.7 ms