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Tojo Hideki

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Tōjō Hideki (東條 英機) (December 30, 1884 - December 23, 1948) was a Japanese general and Prime Minister of Japan during much of World War II (from October 18, 1941 - July 22, 1944).

He was born in Tokyo.

Tojo was a member of the military clique that pushed Japan into war in the late 1930s. As War Minister in 1940 he was instrumental in leading Japan into the Axis Alliance with Nazi Germany and Italy. By 1941 he was premier and in command of the entire Japanese military, which so dominated Japan at the time that he was virtually the nation's dictator. He resigned in 1944 following a series of military disasters. After the war, he attempted suicide and failed, was tried for war crimes and executed. Because of the crimes committed under his authority, Tojo is considered responsible for the murder of perhaps four million people.

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