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Halifax, Nova Scotia

Halifax is a Canadian city, the provincial capital and largest city of Nova Scotia, and the economic centre of the Atlantic Provinces. As of 1991 the city contained 114,455 inhabitants, and in the late 1990s, all of Halifax County was amalgamated into the "Halifax Regional Municipality" or HRM, including neighbouring Dartmouth and Sable Island, 180km offshore. The population HRM exceeds 350,000.

People from Halifax are called Haligonians.

Halifax was founded in 1749 as a military outpost for the British with a handful of farming settlers. It has the second-largest natural harbour in the world, which is also well protected and ideal for a military base, Citadel Hill.

When the Titanic sank in 1912, the search effort was coordinated in Halifax and recovered bodies were brought here and buried in the Fairview Cemetery. (Following the 1997 movie, therefore, the residents had to put up with seveal years worth of Titanic-tourists, a tacky Titanic Shop downtown, and endless weepy movie fans leaving flowers on the grave of the engineer who was the movies main character. (Source: a sardonic Haligonian)

Convoys of naval fleets would assemble in the Bedford Basin[?] before heading out on duty. One particularly foggy morning during World War I resulted in the worst man-made explosion prior to nuclear weapons, the Halifax Explosion. An incoming ship laden with armaments struck an outgoing ship at the mouth of the harbour. Both caught fire and were abandoned, and minutes later the arms ship exploded, flattening a large portion of the city, leaving over 2000 dead and 9000 injured.

Presently the city still serves a major military purpose, as home of the East Coast Canadian Navy[?], and is Canada's largest naval base. The waterfront witnesses the brawny marine commerce of the North Atlantic Great Circle route along with Canada's East Coast Navy.

Halifax is home to five degree-granting post-secondary[?] educational institutions: Dalhousie University, Saint Mary's University, The University of King's College, Mount Saint Vincent University and The Nova Scotia College of Art and Design[?]. The Former Technical University of Nova SCotia is now integrated with Dalhousie as Daltech. King's College shares Arts and Science Faculty with Dalhousie.

One of Halifax's first mayors, Alexander Keith[?], was a brewer and produced Alexander Keith's India Pale Ale[?]. Alexander Keith's beer is, however, more noteworthy for its television commercials than for its taste. If you do visit Halifax, you would do well to sample the variety of locally brewed beers: Garrison's Brown and Red Ales, Propeller Extra Special Bitter, and the products of the various brewpubs including the Granite Brewery, the Rogue's Roost, and the (quite new) Olde Halifax Alehouse.

Notable personalities born in Halifax:

See also: Canadian provinces and territories, Canadian cities, Stewiacke

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